Origins of the Torah Code Claim

This claim is not new - it is part of Jewish tradition dating back at least to the early Middle Ages, with references by early Kabbalist (mystic) Rabbi Bachya and later by Rabbi Moshe Cordevaro ("The Ramak"); and in the 1940's by Rabbi Weissmandel, famous for his heroic rescue efforts during the Holocaust.

But in our computer age, the claim is being verified with a growing collection of studies, a sample of which is presented on this site.

Qualifications of the Researchers

The research described on this site came from a number of outstanding people in the field, including those who re-introduced the topic into our computer age.

I have been deeply privileged to meet and learn from Professor Eliyahu Rips, Doron Witztum, Professor Robert Haralick, and Harold Gans among others. I was introduced to the topic in late 1996, by the excellent course from Aish HaTorah that included an introduction to Torah codes; this course is still offered today.

Professor Rips, in the Mathematics Department at Hebrew University, is well-known for his speciality in Group Theory. He revived the codes topic in the late 1970's by beginning to apply computer analysis and statistics to measure its significance; and he provides compelling, creative examples and techniques to this day.

Doron Witztum, whose background is in physics, introduced fundamental ideas to codes research in the early 1980's that have been part of the research ever since, including the most basic idea of looking for closeness between ELS's in a single compact picture (explained in the definitions section). His ongoing discoveries are models for much follow-on work by others. Without Professor Rips and Doron Witztum, the topic would simply not be known today. Their groundbreaking paper in the journal Statistical Science, is summarized on this site, and detailed in the links.

Harold Gans, who worked for 28 years as a Senior Cryptologic Mathematician at the US Department of Defense, has validated and extended many important results from Professor Rips and Doron Witztum. He is also an essential bridge between scientists and laymen, having lectured on the topic for several years, and I highly recommend his detailed primer (see my links at the end of this site).

Professor Haralick, a leading authority in Pattern Recognition, and Professor of Computer Science at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, has applied his vast expertise to help foster increasingly rigorous statistical validation of ongoing and new research.

I have also been privileged to learn from Nachum Bombach, Dr. Alex Rotenberg, Dr. Leib Schwartzman, Rabbi Matityahu Glazerson, Boaz Metzger, Igor Pisetski, and Chaim Stahl. They have all been in the field for several years, and some of their vital contributions are referenced or presented here as well. Dr. Moshe Katz has also been an invaluable resource, and coordinator of the annual International Torah Codes Society meetings.

I also want to acknowledge the unintentional contributions of the code critics, lead by Professors Brendan McKay and Barry Simon. Every researcher who strives for the truth must be, in part, his own critic, paying utmost attention to their counterclaims and spending months and years checking all possibilities. The critics have motivated the researchers to find increasingly more verifiable and simpler research methods. The end result is that the original claims for codes have only been strenghtened.

This site is my own brief summary of the newest research, and my own opinions on some of the philosophical issues. My twenty years' background in computer analysis techniques (in the chemistry field) enabled me, in 1996-1997, to extensively verify the research; and since that time, to make a few new discoveries, with custom-built computer tools.

It is also important to note the encouragement and approval of this work by leading Rabbis and Sages of our time, as detailed in Appendix B of Harold Gans' primer.

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